Soc 125 Exam 2 Study Guide

Soc 125 Exam 2 Study Guide - Exam 2 Review Poverty Line -...

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Exam 2 Review Poverty Line - Government set level of income that establishes if one’s income is below this line they are able to receive support from government programs. They are then considered poverty. -The poverty line is established through absolute poverty. -difficult to establish this line because the notion of necessities for survival is heavily influenced by cultural norms and social expectations rather than biological/technical needs -poverty line for a single person in 2009= $10,830 - poverty line for a family of four in 2009= $22,050 Absolute Poverty -poverty defined with respect to some level i.e. the poverty line - again difficult to est. as mentioned in the def. of poverty line, so there for international comparisons of poverty are defined relative to a countries median income rather than absolute income. Relative Poverty -when a person’s income is less than 50% of the median income -resides in bottom half of income Extreme Poverty -The percent of the poor that are living at less than one half of the poverty line. -reason for this= increase in wealth due to DOUBLING OF GDP from the seventies to 2007 which led also to an increase of the poor especially those in extreme poverty. -The very rich got richer and the very poor got poorer. Child Poverty Minimum Wage Government set income based on salary per hour as the lowest possible income an employee can earn as a full time worker Living Wage -? “Fair Play” Versus” Fair Share” Fair play - Everyone should be free to pursue their interests-equal no discrimination no disadvantages equal playing field. Example- a sporting game all have equal chance but winners and losers
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Result = high levels of inequalities of outcomes=fair and just Fair share - everyone is entitles to a fair share of society’s resources sufficient to live a dignified life. “Sufficient” enough to be able to participate fully in the exercise of rights and liberties to be able to exercise freedom and live decently. -Focus therefore is on the fairness of outcomes -Idea of Fair Play is common view of American Society -high levels of inequality in income and wealth undermine the principles of fair play itself-- think of children who grow up with inequalities because they are poor. Empirical Case of Social Injustice -some people are better off than others or their lives are more fulfilling than others or they are healthier than others -some of these are observed…so we ask is this observed inequality fair or unjust or does it violate some principle of justice? Dramatic inequality goes in hand with this….example of getting struck by lightning. .a case of bad luck. - moral intuitions -people should get what they deserve and deserve what they don’t get. So when someone is struck by lightning we say this is unfair or unjust undeserved. SOCIAL INJUSTICE
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course SOC 125 taught by Professor Clayton during the Fall '06 term at University of Wisconsin.

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Soc 125 Exam 2 Study Guide - Exam 2 Review Poverty Line -...

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