Module 3- Role of theory - Human Development and Family...

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Human Development and Family Studies 362 Development of the Young Child Lecture 3: Freud and Erikson’s Psychodynamic Theories of Development I. Sigmund Freud’s Psychosexual Theory or Psychoanalytic Theory of Development General overview Who was Sigmund Freud? 1856-1939 smoked a lot, wooded office, arm chair psychologist Freud’s contributions to developmental psychology - published "the interpretation of dreams" in it he emphasized theory about "psychic energy" that arise from biological drives or instincts but its the psychic energy that causes people to develop perceptions of themselves or people that help them develop in a good or bad way arises from - in it he emphasizes psycic energy, this emphasizes this organimismic model because it comes from within -arises from biology but mostly unconcious, he asks these women to be reflective about experiences and dreams and would analyze these to get to window of unconcious mind. Two basic instincts: -love or pleasure (Eros) - Agression or death he believed this psychic energy would get made into very specific behavior Stages of psychosexual development - ID= source of impulses- Pleasure principle, - EGO= decision maker, the Reality Principle, what allows us to make good decisions - SUPEREGO= conscience, we dont do certain things because of the actions involved with decision making, hes talking about our ability to internalized values Contributions: First to draw attention to the unconcious mind and how it might influence human behavior importance on the first few years of development Development involves a series of age-graded stages, based on a person's age, theorists today follow around freud's thinking about how certain developments revolve around phases of development based on age stages -even though he didn't talk to children he still came up of this age stage idea, yet he still was able to come up of a good thing on children, because its a psychosexual stage theory of development Freud's stage Theory- > Oral (age birth-1)= somewhat of a sexual oriented drive but we don't emphasize that but whats so interesting a child will use their mouth continuosly because they don't have great motor skills but have a great oral sensation to use this to develop > Anal (1-3)= big part of this is children becoming toilet trained not only a physical change but psychologically things like seperation this hold thing of
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