Module 4 Behaviorist Theory

Module 4 Behaviorist Theory - Human Development and Family...

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Human Development and Family Studies 362 Development of the Young Child Lecture 4: Behaviorism and Social Learning Theory These theories are a lot more contemporary compared to Freud and Erikson's I. Behaviorism General overview - began in the 1930s - rallied against Freud and Eriksons, really reacted against the subjective nature, can we really trust these people if they are not psychologically well. - reaction against the subjective nature of the psychodynamic tradition of Freud and Erikson- if psychology wants to be a social science Freud and Erikson are being too subjective to be a science -focuses on the objective and scientific study of behavior- raise the bar for psychology to be more subjective and make it closer to the science that was being done in the physical world -mechanistic view of the developing person is emphasized, focus much more on how the environment which you can largely observe in a more objective way, how that is going to affect human development and less in the organimistic - the behaviorists focused on 2 things: 1. focus on the objective study 2. focus on the Scientific study of behavior History of behaviorism - founded by John Watson (1878-1958) same time as freud - pavlov- classical conditioning with dogs -BF Skinner- looked at conditioned and unconditioned responses Contemporary uses - understanding how people behave as well as learn (in part) - how teachers actions may bring out behaviors of students (when teachers try to get kids out of the classroom to get on the bus for a field trip and wonder why 30 minutes later they finally get on the bus, we try to understand why that is happening- what the children and teachers thoughts aren't in sync, teachers need to be involved, they need to give adavance notice, little reminders, give specific instructions, what happens is that if she consistently does then over time they will learn the expectations for behavior they will
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course HDFS 362 taught by Professor Professor during the Spring '04 term at University of Wisconsin.

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Module 4 Behaviorist Theory - Human Development and Family...

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