Module 5 Ethiological and Ecological Theory

Module 5 Ethiological and Ecological Theory - Human...

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Human Development and Family Studies 362 Development of the Young Child Module 5- text pages 23-28 Lecture 5: Ethological Theory and Ecological Systems Theory I. Ethological Theory - can be traced to Darwin - "Specie-Specific" Behaviors, emphasis is on different species, used in Zoology What does this theory say about development? -Innate behaviors are the same in all members of a species - 90% overlap, far more similarities in human development rather than differences, - really emphasizes what is unique about is, what are our genetics that develop us which makes us similar -behaviors are both inherited and adaptive meaning that even though there are these inborn predetermined disposition to certain behaviors those behaviors get played out in an environment therefore with charles darwin you have this theory of survival value where if you have certain traits that enable you to survive your species will continue and carry out those traits. With children's development it says: -biological predispositions toward certain kinds of learning should be regarded to certain skills for example being a good carpenter. - Critical or sensitive periods in human development, a key concept from ethological theory that is important to human development study Critical or sensitive periods- specific periods when the organism or child is biologically ready to acquire a new behavior, there is a biological clock or window that determines when we are ready to acquire a trait. For example with regards to a child: language development, these windows of opportunity can pass and make it difficult to learn the language or the (ear infection example with the child who talked like she was deaf even though she wasn't and wasn't born that way) Example of human trait that has a window of opportunity that closes a little later that we should make sure that children are exposed to is Music, math skills This also has a downside in children's development- if we think about all these critical windows, is it creating a society that creates a lot of pressure on the caregivers that causes a hurried approach, can we bombard children with all these experiences Other things to note on this theory: - there is early evidence of critical periods research - Konrad Lorenz (1960s): a zoologist that focused on non human species, he was a swimmer and observed the baby ducks. He made the observations and wondered how these ducks learned behaviors that kept them safe. - he concluded it with saying that it was IMPRINTING that caused this
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Module 5 Ethiological and Ecological Theory - Human...

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