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psych 202 exam 4 study guide

psych 202 exam 4 study guide - Personality-What must we...

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Personality-What must we know to know a person??? Personality trait- a characteristc- a dispositional tendency to act a certain way over time and across circumstances. How have scientists studid Personality? Main ways is the physcophysical systems-the whole of a person both genetically and phscyologically Pyschodynamic theory-Freudian theory that unconcious forces such as wishes and motives influence behavior. Forces- INSTINCTS -stated that people have a life instinct that is satisfied by following the pleasure principle-seek pleasure avoid pain-energy driving this is called LIBIDO. Psycho sexual Stage- according to freud, the development stages that correspond to the pursuit of satisfaction of libindual stages. Oral stage-breastfeeding to 18months Anal phase- 3 years toilet training Odepus complex in the phallic stage- desire parent of opposite sex- mostly for boys Latency stage- build relationships and do schoolwork Genital stage- work to attain mature attitudes about sexuality and adulthood All these stages can cause the personality to be altered in some manner. Structural Model of Personality Id- in psychodynamic theory the component of personality that is completely submerged in the unconcious and operates according to the pleasure priniciple. Sex and aggression. Superego- the internalization of societal and parental standards of conduct. Dev. In the phallic stage- strict for morals or human conscience. Ego- the inbetween stage that tries to satisfy the id while being resonsive to the superego. Opperates according to the reality principles of rational thought and and problem solving. Defense mehanisms- unconcious mental strategies that the mind uses to protect itself from distress. Humanistic approaches emphasize integrated personal Experience Humanistic approaches- personality that emphasizes personal experience and belief systems, and propose that people seek personal growth to fulfill their human potential. Carl Rogers—person centered approach to personality emphasized peoples personal understanding or phenomology. Phenomology- subjective human experience Personality types- descrete catergories into which we place people Trait approach- approach to studying personality that focuses on the extent to which individuals differ in personality dispositions. Eysenck’s heirarchical model-
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Starts at the specific response leve- which consists of obsevred behvaiors Habituatl response level is next- person might by things on sale now again because did at observed level then to trait then to superordinate to determine the type of person. THE BIG FIVE -the didea that personlaity can ve described using five traits; openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. OCEAN There are two approaches to studying peronsality- Idiographic –person centered approaches that focus on individula lives and how various characteristics are integrated into unique persons.
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psych 202 exam 4 study guide - Personality-What must we...

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