psych 509 exam 2 book ch. 4 study guide

psych 509 exam 2 book ch. 4 study guide - Chapter 4-...

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Chapter 4- Anxiety Disorders Anxiety Disorders 6 types of them; Generalized Anx. Disorder, Phobias, Panic Disorders, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Acute Stress Disorder, Post traumatic stress disorder. -> “fight or flight” -> Most common mental disorders in the US. -> In any given year around 18% of the adult population suffer from one or another of the six anxiety disorders defined by the DSM-IV-TR -> Close to 29% of all people develop one of the disorders at some point in their lives, where only 1/5 of these individuals seek treatment. 1.) Generalized Anxiety Disorder (general and persistent feelings of worry and anxiety) What is the DSM checklist? - excessive ongoing anxiety and worry for at least 6 months about numerous events or activities - Difficulty controlling the worry - At least 3 of following symptoms; restlessness, easy fatigue, irritability, muscle tension, sleep disturbances - Significant distress or impairment What are the characteristics and epidemiology? -> Symptoms must last at least 6 months (feel restless, keyed up, on edge, tire easily, difficulty concentrating, muscle tension, sleep problems) -> 3% of the US population have the symptoms of this disorder in any given year -> Close to 6% of all people develop generalized anxiety disorder sometime during their lives -> It may emerge at any age, but usually first appears in childhood or adolescence. -> Women diagnosed with the disorder outnumber men 2 to 1 -> Around 1/4 of individuals with generalized anxiety disorder are currently in treatment. What are the different views and treatments; etiology? A.) The Sociocultural Perspective: Societal and Multicultural Factors -> Three Mile Island nuclear power plant study = local mothers of preschoolers display 5 times as many anxiety or depression disorders, numbers of disorders decreased following year, but they still displayed high levels of anxiety or depression a year later. -> Hurricane Katrina = rate of anxiety disorders were twice as high among area residents who lived through the disaster as among unaffected persons living elsewhere -> Most powerful forms of societal stress is poverty, so a sociocultural theorist would predict, such people also have a higher rate of generalized anxiety disorder. -> In the US the rate is twice as high among people with low incomes as among those with higher incomes. -> Since race is tied with income and job opportunity in the US, its not surprising that its
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sometimes also tied to the prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder. -> In a given year about 6% of all African Americans suffer from this disorder, compared to 3.1% of white Americans. -> African American women have highest rate of all at 6.6%. -> Hispanics in both the US and Latin America suffer from nervios “nerves”, a culture- bound disorder that bears great similarity to generalized anxiety disorder. -
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psych 509 exam 2 book ch. 4 study guide - Chapter 4-...

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