Exam 1 Study Guide for Ch. 1 Psychology 509
1 in 5 adults receives treatments for psych disorders in a year.
Majority of clients are seen for fewer than five sessions during the year
Treatments are available for more kinds of problems:
Freud’s focus was anxiety and depression, today almost half of clients suffer from the same
problems but others are receiving therapy.
At least 20% of clients see therapy because of problems in living, problems with marital, fam-
ily, job, peer, school, or community relationships.
A third change in outpatient care since 1950 has been the development of programs devoted ex-
clusively to one kind of psychological problem.
For example, suicide prevention, substance abuse, eating disorders, phobia clinics, and sexual
This promotes expertise that comes from concentration in only one area.
Prevention and Promoting mental health
the community health approach often has failed to address needs of people with severe dis-
orders, but it has given rise to an important principle of mental health care- prevention.
Prevention is done by community programs trying to correct the SOCIAL CONDITIONS that
give rise to psychological problems (poverty or community violence) and to help individuals
who are at risk for developing EMOTIONAL PROBLEMS (teenage mothers, or children of
parents with severe psycho disorders)
Prevention programs have further been energized
by the field of psychology’s growing interest
in POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY.
In the clinical arena, positive psych suggest that practitioners can help ppl best by PROMOT-
ING positive development and psychological wellness.
They teach coping skills, and encourage them to be more involved in meaningful activities and
relationships. They are trying to PROMOTE MENTAL HEALTH and PREVENT MENTAL
a new study in response to growing diversity.
They seek to understand how culture, race, ethnicity, gender, and similar factors affect behavior
and thought and how people of different cultures, races, and gender may differ psychologically.
It has had a powerful effect on our understanding and treatment of abnormal behavior.
Growing Influence of Insurance Coverage
The leading form of coverage is the MANAGED CARE PROGRAM, a program in which the
insurance co determines such key issues as which therapists its clients may choose, the cost of
sessions, and the number of sessions for which a client may be reimbursed.
at least 75% of all privately insured persons in the US are enrolled in managed care programs.
The coverage for mental health treatment under such programs follows same basic principles
for medical treatment coverage: