Sleep and Sexual Disorders

Sleep and Sexual Disorders - Final Exam Study Guide What is...

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Final Exam Study Guide What is Sleep Terror Disorder? (night terror) Children - Look at note card - Extra information as follows: - Children age 2-6 most prone - Episodes may recur for a couple of weeks then suddenly disappear - tend to sweat breathe fast, and have a rapid heart rate - strong evidence of a predisposition to night terrors and other parasomnias can be passed genetically - emotional stress during the previous day and a high fever are thought to precipitate most episodes - special consideration must be used when the subject suffers from narcolepsy, may be a link Adults - similar symptoms to children but etiology, prognosis, and treatment are qualitatively different - much less common and often trauma based rather than genetic, chronic - respond better to treatment in the form of psychotherapy and antidepressant medication. - may be link to hypoglycemia - A treatment option may be to awaken individual just before the time when the terrors occur most (stage 4 NREM sleep first 3 hrs) to interrupt the sleep cycle. What is REM sleep behavior disorder? - involves abnormal behavior during the sleep phase with rapid eye movement. - only abnormal feature is loss of muscle atonia (paralysis or extreme relaxed state of skeletal muscles) during otherwise intact REM sleep (stage where most vivid dreaming occurs) - This loss of motor inhibition leads to a wide spectrum of behavioral release during sleep from twitches to cases where people seem to be acting out their dreams. - Symptoms include, when awakened can recall the dream, but will not be aware that they were moving, occur more towards morning, people experience episodes at least once a week sometimes more. - Occurs during REM but muscles don’t become paralyzed- pons deteriorates ( pons might deteriorate) - The person is capable of moving around - can act out nightmares, sometimes violently - 85% have hurt themselves, 44% have hurt their bed partners - 0.5% prevalence from age 15-100, more common in M than F What is (nightmare disorder or dream anxiety disorder)
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- most common of parasomnias characterized by frequent nightmares of the individual in a situation that jeopardizes their life or safety - occur during the second half of the sleeping process called the REM stage - the DSM IV says it needs to occur with more frequency than general amount of nightmares in general population - Occurs during REM but muscles don’t become paralyzed- pons deteriorates ( pons might deteriorate) - The person is capable of moving around - can act out nightmares, sometimes violently - 85% have hurt themselves, 44% have hurt their bed partners - vivid memory of dreams - a person experiencing nightmare disorder would have trouble going through everyday tasks; lack of sleep and anxiety from fearful dreams would hinder the individual from completing everyday jobs efficiently and correctly Causes - extreme stress or anxiety if no other mental disorder is discovered - could be caused from medication or a side effect of the drug like amphetamines, antidepressants, and stimulants or blood pressure medication and
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course PSYCH 509 taught by Professor Jensen,s during the Spring '11 term at Wisconsin.

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Sleep and Sexual Disorders - Final Exam Study Guide What is...

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