APY377 Test 3 Review

APY377 Test 3 Review - - APY 377 TEST III REVIEW A. ESSAY 1...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
- APY 377 TEST III REVIEW - A. ESSAY – 1 essay of 1 to 1 ½ pages will be required, from two or three choices 1. Compare voodoo in New Orleans (Tallant) with Vodou in Haiti (Brown OR 15) and in NYC (film, “Legacy of the Spirits”). Give five important (main or central) details of each system , show how they are central; and where they are different, explain why . 2. What is the nature of a functional explanation for a social phenomenon? What are the limitations of a functional explanation? (i.e., what can it tell us, and what can it not tell us?) then, after you have discussed “function”, give and explain two functional explanations for the roles of sorcerers in New Guineas societies (give one each for two different societies discussed by Lindenbaum OR 16) and one for traditional sorcery beliefs among migrants to urban areas in North America (Stevens OR 8. That’s three functional explanations, one each for three separate cases; don’t forget to explain each, to show how it is a functional explanation). - What is the nature of sickness/death? How does the explanation help society to better understand and adapt? What can a functional explanation (i.e. sorcery) tell us? what can't it tell us and why? - Discuss two functional explanations for the social role of sorcerers in New Guinea - societies. Explain each and show how it is a functional explanation and why. - Functional explanations based off natural events (illness/death) causes society to react differently based on their belief system. It may cause tension or bring a community together; may cause relief or anger. In some societies, it may bring kinship closer together, while in others politics and neighbors may have a stronger hold. Although it can give us the answers we may need, it does not provide evidence. - Sorcery can be used as an explanation for disease and death (natural event), and may be necessary to ease tension between individuals who lack the security of membership in a community. - The Enga in West New Guinea: believe misfortune and death to be the result of attacks by malicious ghosts of the dead rather than by living sorcerers. Enga fear male ancestral ghosts; if illness or death occurs, the Enga turn from making a particular ghost happy to all of the ancestral ghosts of a clan. Example: if an adult man fell ill, his brothers or sons would kill a pig and give its essence to the ghost that they believe is causing the misfortune, distributing meat to both maternal and paternal kinsmen. If the man does not get better, the family as a diviner locate the angry ghost and again kills pigs to appease it. If man dies, his relatives mourn briefly and publicly; close relatives slice their ear lobes or cut off finger joints, spending the next several weeks not tending the pigs or gardens. Enga response is controlled and orderly, believing source of attack comes from within the
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course APY 377 taught by Professor Stevens during the Fall '11 term at SUNY Buffalo.

Page1 / 7

APY377 Test 3 Review - - APY 377 TEST III REVIEW A. ESSAY 1...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online