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Unformatted text preview: 1 ,a 2 ); max(a 1 ,a 2 )) a L = a 1 ,…, a n/2 a R = a n/2+1 ,…, a n return ( c+c L +c R ,a ) (c L , a L ) = MergeSortCount ( a L , n/2 ) (c R , a R ) = MergeSortCount ( a R , n/2 ) (c, a) = MERGECOUNT ( a L ,a R ) Counts #crossinginversions+ MERGE Counts #crossinginversions+ MERGE O(n) O(n) T(2) = c T(n) = 2T(n/2) + cn O(n log n) time O(n log n) time If n = 1 return ( 0 , a 1 ) Rest of today’s agenda MERGECOUNT Computing closest pair of points Closest pairs of points Input: n 2D points P = { p 1 ,…, p n }; p i =( x i , y i ) Output: Points p and q that are closest d(p i ,p j ) = ( ( x ix j ) 2 +( y iy j ) 2 ) 1/2 Group Talk time O(n 2 ) time algorithm? 1D problem in time O(n log n) ? Sorting to rescue in 2D? Pick pairs of points closest in x coordinate Pick pairs of points closest in y coordinate Choose the better of the two Rest of today’s agenda Divide and Conquer based algorithm...
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 Fall '11
 RUDRA
 Divide and conquer algorithm

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