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Unformatted text preview: Jordan 1 Sarah Jordan Professor A. Porco ENG201 April 30, 2011 Athletes Are Born, Not Made The definition of disability may vary depending on how it is perceived, whether it be in the real world or in the world of sports. A person in the real world may be considered disabled in professional sports if his body isnt built the same way as the other athletes. Still, whether abled or disabled in the real world, that person can excel in a sport if they have the proper genetic makeup and determination. By leveling the playing field through the use of technology, many disabled athletes can play similar sports with athletes who have the same body build. Yet many argue that if they excel in the disabled sport, they should be allowed equal opportunity to compete in the professional sport as well. Though highly respected for overcoming their disability, these technical advantages while playing against abled bodied athletes are sometimes considered unfair and should not be allowed. The Difference of Being Disabled vs. Having a Disability in a Sport The term disability does not apply to one environmental or social setting. The most straight forward explanation of disabilities is that they are dysfunctional deviations from normality, where from the standpoint of normal, one can deviate to either super-ability or dis- ability (Landeweerd and Hilvoorde 98). Still, an individual cannot be defined by the term unless others place it on him. Being disabled is not something one is by definition, but something one Jordan 2 becomes in relation to specific environments (Moser, cited by Landeweerd and Hilvoorde 98). Although a disability may be caused by environmental factors such as accidents, mutations, or genetics, people are not defined by the term until placed in a social setting that they must adapt to that is designed for normal human beings, where they are expected to face challenges and discrimination from others. A disabled person may lead a healthy, active life that is viewed normal by societys standards. According to Mosers theory, when applied in different settings, that person may face extreme advantages or disadvantages depending on their genetic makeup. For example, there are many normal people who are considered successful in sports. Some runners, such as John Pagliano who has run over 111 marathons, are built to run without a sweat (Dupuy). In contrast, a talented athlete who does not use performance enhancing drugs, while his teammates all do, is considered disabled because drug usage is considered part of the normal deviation. That person is considered to have a disability because he is not at the same superior skill level (Landeweerd and Hilvoorde 100)....
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course ENG 201 taught by Professor Recny during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Buffalo.
- Spring '08