APY106 Final Review

APY106 Final Review - Part I: Essays 1. Why do the Yir...

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Part I: Essays 1. Why do the Yir Yoront lack the canoe, while their neighbors, in a sim. Environment, have it? What are the implications of this fact, for understanding factors that might influence acculturation in a traditional culture ? The Yir Yoront may lack the canoe, even if their neighbors have it because their ancestors didn’t have it. Even if they have the ability and technology to make them. Traditional cultures are slow to change, bound by tradition.This means that a technology of that significance would require some sort of myth related to one of the ancestors and it would have to be established as an accepted totem of one of the clans. Adaptation of a the canoe would cause a disturbance. If deviate, believe something terrible will happen. This means that for traditional cultures, acculturation may not be the best idea, since they aren’t very accepting of change. 2. What are its (Ferarro ‘globalization’) implications for anthropology? What challenges does it present to anthro, and how must anthro modify its theory and method to respond to such challenges? In the face of globalization, anthropology must put more of its focus on the different forms of cultural contact. While some believe that a global culture will eventually be formed, this is unlikely, and instead we should focus on exactly how cultures are choosing to define themselves in the face of globalization. 3. In the past decade Friedman has written 3 books about globalization. In her article(FCR16) about his 1 st book, Haugerud says that Friedman’s view of globalization “is at variance, with decades of anthro research about the processes he describes” and “its empirical underpinnings are deeply flawed”. Discuss 3 specific ways in which she says anthro reveals errors in Friedman’s reasoning. Anthropology reveals errors in Thomas Friedman’s reasoning in his book. A) He has an overly narrow observational frame – relies on observing narrow portions of the population and substitutes “ridicule for careful observation”. Heavily relies on elite mainstream sources and does not include distant connections to others. B) Tradition misunderstood – he “views tradition as an obstacle to progress, a romanticized domain to be protected, or a source of destructive backlash. Anthropologists, on the other hand, view tradition as a dynamic, adaptable, complex set of meanings and symbols manipulated to serve present interests and needs.” C) Ethnicity and culture misconceived – “Ethnicity, to him, is a potent natural and primordial source of conflict that must be contained. Contemporary anthropology, on the other hand, emphasizes the modern political and economic origins of conflicts often labeled as ethnic. Ethnic identities are not primordial, essential differences… but manipulable symbols and dynamic understandings, myths, and narratives.” D) The ethical bankruptcy of blind faith in markets – Friedman assumes that most of the impoverished peoples of the world remain that way because they are not responding correctly to globalization
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APY106 Final Review - Part I: Essays 1. Why do the Yir...

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