RA PAPER - One of the component that plays an important...

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One of the component that plays an important role in the music industry is the MIDI, also known as Musical Instrument Digital Interface. Before MIDI took over, music synthesizer was what started it all. Music synthesizers are electronic musical instruments that produce music. However, it was not until 1982 when MIDI was born and revolutionized the music industry(MIDI Manufacturers Association, 1). According to Jeffrey Hass, “The development of the MIDI system has been a major catalyst in the recent unprecedented explosion of music technology” (Introduction to Computer Music: Volume One, 1). MIDI has been called “a major catalyst” because it has made life easier for computer musicians such that it provides a “powerful computer instrument networks and software” with universal “hardware connectors” and “digital codes” in all designs involving a musical instrument (Hass, 1). Popular companies known today as Yamaha, Korg, Kawai, and many more, came out with MIDI-capable instruments in 1983. As can be seen, the musical instrument digital interface became a popular system among amateurs and professionals alike to share a common digital music language. The power of MIDI is its ability to control different instruments simultaneously. As stated by Hass, “The original goal was to connect or interface instruments of different manufacture to control common functions, such as note events, timing events, pitch bends, pedal information, etc” (Introduction to Computer Music: Volume One, 1). In other words, if a sound was altered in an instrument to something other than its original form, all other instruments of different manufactured products would have the same exact effect when connected through MIDI cables (Hass, 1). However, in order for this to work instruments needs to be MIDI-capable with common hardware (Hass, 2). A transmitter and receiver are equipped with an operation of “31.25 Kbaud asynchronous (serial) transmission rate” (Hass, 2). Kbaud is German for kilobits per second (Websters-online-dictionary). Hass states, “Each byte consists of a start bit, eight data bits, and a stop bit, for a total duration of 320 microseconds per byte” (Introduction to Computer Music: Volume One, 2). There are three jacks in an instrument: MIDI IN, MIDI OUT, MIDI THRU. MIDI IN is where incoming messages are received as MIDI OUT sends out messages from the instrument or computer (Hass, 2). MIDI THRU on the other hand, provides a direct copy of data coming into the MIDI IN jack, providing the ability to ‘"daisy chain"’ several instruments and devices together (Hass, 2). As can be seen, the this is the basic setup of a MIDI interface in a nutshell. The setup of the MIDI is not complex, but rather a simple one. For this reason, one can see why the MIDI is very to utilize in the music industry in today’s society.
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