PEO Code of Ethics (C01)_pdf-notes_201112100746

PEO Code of Ethics (C01)_pdf-notes_201112100746 - PEO Code...

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Unformatted text preview: PEO Code of Ethics Week 11 Lecture A You are a professional engineer who works in the engineering department of a Canadian municipality. You has been assigned to monitor and approve, on behalf of the municipality, each stage of the construction of a new sewage treatment plant, since you were involved in preparing the specification for the plant. The contract for construction has been awarded, after a competitive bidding process, to the ACME Construction Company. About 10 days before construction is to begin, you get on your doorstep a gift of approximate value of $1000. The card attached to the gift says, “Looking forward to a good professional relationship,” and is signed by the president of ACME construction. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 2 You should __________. A. keep the gift B. return the gift to ACME C. call the police Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 3 Social Contract Society gets individuals who can be trusted: they are competent and act in the best interest of society to protect the public. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 4 In return the PEng does not get __________. A. an exclusive right to practice the professional B. paid C. the trust of the public Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 5 Professional Code of Ethics The PEng in Ontario is expected to adhere to the PEO Code of Ethics. The PEO Code of Ethics is not a voluntary guide. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 6 Duties Imposed • Duties imposed by the PEO Code of Ethics include duties to – – – – – – – society the employer the client colleagues employees and subordinates the profession oneself • Rarely do ethical problems result in a disruption in employment Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 7 PEO Code of Ethics, Paragraph 1 • It is the duty of a practitioner to the public, to the practitioner’s employer, to the practitioner’s clients, to other members of the practitioner’s profession, and to the practitioner to act at all times with, – fairness and loyalty to the practitioner’s associates, employers, clients, subordinates and employees, – fidelity to public needs, – devotion to high ideals of personal honour and professional integrity, – knowledge of developments in the area of professional engineering relevant to any services that are undertaken, and – competence in the performance of any professional engineering services that are undertaken. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 8 PEO Code of Ethics, Paragraph 1 • Duty to public, employers, clients, and other Professional Engineers (general) • Professional behaviour • Competence • Whistle-blowing Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 9 PEO Code of Ethics, Paragraph 2 • A practitioner shall, – regard the practitioner’s duty to public welfare as paramount, – endeavour at all times to enhance the public regard for the practitioner’s profession by extending the public knowledge thereof and discouraging untrue, unfair or exaggerated statements with respect to professional engineering, – not express publicly, or while the practitioner is serving as a witness before a court, commission or other tribunal, opinions on professional engineering matters that are not founded on adequate knowledge and honest conviction, – endeavour to keep the practitioner’s licence, temporary licence, provisional licence, limited licence or certificate of authorization, as the case may be, permanently displayed in the practitioner’s place of business. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 10 PEO Code of Ethics, Paragraph 2 • Duty to the public and the profession (society) • Displaying licence Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 11 PEO Code of Ethics, Paragraph 3 • A practitioner shall act in professional engineering matters for each employer as a faithful agent or trustee and shall regard as confidential information obtained by the practitioner as to the business affairs, technical methods or processes of an employer and avoid or disclose a conflict of interest that might influence the practitioner’s actions or judgment. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 12 PEO Code of Ethics, Paragraph 3 • Duty to employers • Confidentiality Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 13 PEO Code of Ethics, Paragraph 4 • A practitioner must disclose immediately to the practitioner’s client any interest, direct or indirect, that might be construed as prejudicial in any way to the professional judgment of the practitioner in rendering service to the client. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 14 PEO Code of Ethics, Paragraph 4 • Duty to clients • Conflict of interest Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 15 PEO Code of Ethics, Paragraph 5 • A practitioner who is an employee-engineer and is contracting in the practitioner’s own name to perform professional engineering work for other than the practitioner’s employer, must provide the practitioner’s client with a written statement of the nature of the practitioner’s status as an employee and the attendant limitations on the practitioner’s services to the client, must satisfy the practitioner that the work will not conflict with the practitioner’s duty to the practitioner’s employer, and must inform the practitioner’s employer of the work. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 16 PEO Code of Ethics, Paragraph 5 • Duty to clients and employers • Having more than one job • Conflict of interest Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 17 PEO Code of Ethics, Paragraph 6 • A practitioner must co-operate in working with other professionals engaged on a project. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 18 PEO Code of Ethics, Paragraph 6 • Duty to other professionals (colleagues) • Team player • Professional behaviour Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 19 PEO Code of Ethics, Paragraph 7 • A practitioner shall, – act towards other practitioners with courtesy and good faith, – not accept an engagement to review the work of another practitioner for the same employer except with the knowledge of the other practitioner or except where the connection of the other practitioner with the work has been terminated, – not maliciously injure the reputation or business of another practitioner, – not attempt to gain an advantage over other practitioners by paying or accepting a commission in securing professional engineering work, and – give proper credit for engineering work, uphold the principle of adequate compensation for engineering work, provide opportunity for professional development and advancement of the practitioner’s associates and subordinates, and extend the effectiveness of the profession through the interchange of engineering information and experience. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 20 PEO Code of Ethics, Paragraph 7 • Duty to other Professional Engineers (the profession) • Commissions • Malice • Professional behaviour • Teamwork • Resolving disputes Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 21 Paragraph 8 of PEO Code of Ethics • A practitioner shall maintain the honour and integrity of the practitioner’s profession and without fear or favour expose before the proper tribunals unprofessional, dishonest or unethical conduct by any other practitioner. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 22 Paragraph 8 of PEO Code of Ethics • Duty to the profession • Protection for whistleblowers Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 23 Whistle-Blowing Whistle-blowing is making unethical or illegal behaviour or action of an individual or organization public. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 24 Whistle-Blowing 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Get the facts and identify the urgency Consider the solution Speak to the key person Going higher Blowing the whistle Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 25 Case Study Assume you recently got your PEng, working for a consulting engineering company that is supervising the construction of a major building. You assist your boss in monitoring the delivery of materials (and, gravel, concrete, and steel) and components (doors, windows, roofing, etc.) to the job site, which is almost the size of a city block. On behalf of the client, you routinely count the material and components delivered, and ensure that they are installed according to the plans. Occasionally, you notice small discrepancies. The invoices do not agree with the materials delivered, and you report the shortages to your boss, who listens, but tells you to ignore each report because, “in a project this large, some shrinkage occurs.” However, one day you notice a truck leaving the site with a few doors and windows that should have been unloaded. When you stop the truck, the driver tells you, “This part of the load is going to your boss’s new cottage.” Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 26 What should you do? A. Stop the truck and talk to your boss. B. Let the truck go and talk to your boss. C. Go talk to your boss’s boss. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 27 Enforcement of the Act • The following are often easily resolved: – Practice professional engineering or – Use the title Professional Engineer, or the like, or – Use a term or title to give the belief that the person is licensed, or – Use a seal that leads to the belief that the person is licensed. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 28 Professional Misconduct Grounds for disciplinary action with the scope of the Professional Engineers Act of Ontario: 1. Incompetence 2. Negligence 3. Breach of the code of ethics 4. Physical or mental incapacity 5. Conviction of a serious offence 6. Harassment Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 29 Common Professional Complaints: Conflict of Interest A conflict of interest occurs when someone has a personal preference or financial interest that interferes with the duty to the employer, to the client, or to society. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 30 Case Study You are in private practice as a consulting engineer in manufacturing processes. You are contacted by company A to give advice on a computer-controlled milling machine in its machine shop that does not cut metal within the guaranteed tolerances and is constantly malfunctioning. The manger of company A explains that the machine was purchased about a year earlier from the manufacturer, Company B. Company B has not been able to fix the problem. You realize that you were involved in the design of the control software, several years earlier, at an early stage of development of the milling machine. You provided advice to company B, and the development was carried out by its engineers, but you know the machine fairly well. However, the engineering from Company A tell you that they want to hire you to analyze the machine to testify as an expert witness when they sue Company B. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 31 What ethical issues arise here, and what should you do? Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 32 Case Study Your employer has assigned you the task of hiring an assistant to help the survey crew. The assistant carries equipment and clear sight-lines for the surveyor in Northern Ontario. You place an advertisement on the company website. The bestqualified person who answers the advertisement coincidentally happens to your cousin, whom you met a few times at family gatherings. You do not know the cousin very well, but your last names are the same, so other employees may know that you are related and may think you are favouring your relatives. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 33 You should __________. A. recommend your cousin B. recommend someone else C. ask someone else to make the recommendation Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 34 Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 35 Common Professional Complaints: Breach of Standards • Requires work of engineer to be competent. • Not following appropriate designs standards and safety regulations could result in an accusation of breach of standards. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 36 Use of Software • Liability for computer errors – The engineer cannot blame the software if the engineer makes decision based on incorrect or misunderstood software output – Engineer must • • • • • Be competent in the technical area in which the software is being applied Know the type of assistance provided by the software Know the theory and assumptions upon which it is prepared Know the range and limits of its validity Test the software to ensure that it is accurate • Software piracy – Use of pirated software for engineering could lead to a disciplinary hearing • Plagiarism from the Internet – Could lead to disciplinary action • Computer viruses – Engineers have a duty to expose individuals involved in the creating or disseminating computer viruses Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 37 Proper Use of the Engineer’s Seal – The act provides for each PEng to have a seal denoting they are licensed. – Final drawings, reports, specifications should bear the signature and the seal of the practitioner. – Has legal significance: implies document has been competently prepared and are approved for construction or manufacturing by person who sealed them. – If an engineer knowingly signs or seals documents not prepared by themselves or someone under direct supervision they may be guilty of professional misconduct. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 38 Iron Ring • Rudyard Kipling (author and Nobel Prize winner): Obligation of the Engineer, 1925 • Ritual Calling of the Engineer Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 39 Summary The profession exists for the benefit of society: Hold Paramount The PEO Code of Ethics embodies the principles behind the profession and is legally enforceable. Week 11 Lecture A ENG 1P03 2011 40 ...
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