K2-1Graml functions-ref

K2-1Graml functions-ref - Germ 433 A. OBrien Kapitelgruppe...

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Germ 433 – A. O’Brien Kapitelgruppe 2-1 (pp. 74) NOTES – SUMMARY – REFERENCE Youtube: Airbus 340 (2min) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r8lNrepJXi8 Youtube: German Transrapid Emsland 500 km/h (7min) Youtube: German - Transrapid Munich Trailer HQ (2min) Youtube: adidas Clima Cool Ride Running Shoe Preview (2min) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=33zjoFjLHxU TEXT: K2 – K1Spitzentechnologie 1 (p. 75) annotated below Grammatical function of a word in a sentence: subject – verb – object – word order Let’ have a look again at examples from K1-3, where we have seen already that each word plays a specific role in a sentence. There are three main functions of words or phrases in a skeleton sentence: Verb Subject Object http://www.fotosearch.de/bilder-fotos/lehrer.html Der Tutor korrigiert die Antworten . - The tutor corrects the answers. Q: Who corrects the answer ? — A: Tutor - The tutor ! By asking who does something, the tutor is here identified as the actor. Q: Whom/What does the tutor correct ? — A: Antworten - Answers! By asking whom/what we inquire about the object acted upon, here it is answers . 1
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Der Tutor korrigiert die Studenten . What can you say about the „actor“ and „the action“? Q: Whom? does the tutor correct? - A: Die Studenten! – the students . - The tutor corrects the students and not the other way around. As an English speaker you immediately guessed that the tutor is correcting the students because the subject in English is almost always on the first position. In German, however, that’s not the case! In German the sentence can also be stated as follows: Die Studenten korrigiert der Tutor ! Who is correcting whom? Despite of the change in word order the sentence still means that The tutor corrects the students and not the other way around. In a nutshell you can apply the following guiding steps: e. g. You can locate the verb and ask who does what? You can ask, does the noun describe the agent or the target of the verb? If there is more than one verb in the sentence, which one describes the action? What function does the other verb have? The verb In sentences we can find single (conjugated verbs) - run, come, sing - or groups of verbs - will come, is crazy - [verb+verb, or verb+(adverb/adjective/noun)] that indicates "what is happening" or "what is." Verbs are the focal point of any German sentence and thus, they are crucial in understanding a sentence. Single verb:
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K2-1Graml functions-ref - Germ 433 A. OBrien Kapitelgruppe...

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