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K2-3 indirect obj-exerc

K2-3 indirect obj-exerc - Germ 433 A OBrien Kapitelgruppe...

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Germ 433 – A. O’Brien Kapitelgruppe 2-3 (pp. 97) Indirect objects TEXT: K2-3 Alles bleibt anders - Branchenreport Ingenieure (p. 99) annotated below In this chapter we will have a closer look at indirect objects. Indirect objects In this chapter we will have a closer look at indirect objects. Have a look at the two sets of sentences. A The man buys flowers. Der Mann kauft Blumen Quelle: http://www.indexstock.com/content/topsearches/Florist_photos.asp B Superman gives the flowers to the lady . Supermann gibt der Frau die Blumen Quelle: http://www.matton.com/images/single/celebrations weddings/anniversary/ In the sentence the man buys flowers , it is very clear that the flowers are acted on directly; they are being bought. They are the object of the buying . The man gives the flowers to the lady . Again the flowers are being acted on directly. The lady represents the receiver of the action or, in other words, the indirect object . German sentences can also have indirect objects , as can be seen from the German equivalent of our English example: Der Mann gibt der Frau die Blumen. In German (as in English), indirect objects tend to be people, rather than things; those elements acted on directly are called direct objects , whereas the people who are at the end of the line and are acted on indirectly are called indirect objects (or dative objects in German) – one can say they receive the action or the results of the action. Very often German verbs such as geben , schenken (also to give , but as a gift), kaufen , verkaufen ( to sell ), erzählen , verschaffen ( to provide ) and bieten ( to offer ) take direct as well as indirect objects. 1
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Indirect objects and definite articles One can see that the definite article has several different forms when preceding indirect objects. Dem (einem, keinem) precedes masculine as well as neuter indirect objects, der ( einer, keiner ) comes before feminine, and den ( keinen ) precedes plural indirect objects. Das C-Leg bietet einem beinamputierten Menschen neue Lebensqualität. Die Firma in München verkauft ihre Software der Firma in Hollywood.
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