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K2-4 genitive-exerc

K2-4 genitive-exerc - Germ 433 A OBrien Kapitelgruppe 2...

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Germ 433 – A. O’Brien Kapitelgruppe 2 – 4 (pp. 105) Genitive - Notes – Übung Quelle: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7iP8ubVJHSw Youtube: Heidelberg (2min) Quelle: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yRbSJ0q4jw0&feature=related Youtube: Heidelberg Romance (9 min) TEXT K2-4 Attraktiver Studienstandort, (p. 107) annotated below What are Genitives? If you have a close look at the following examples you will notice that the expressions contain of the or of a (like Der letzte der Mohikaner the last of the Mohicans ) In the sentences there are some nouns standing at the right side of a noun phrase, which belong to the noun phrase as well: Repower Systems baut seit Anfang 2005 die größte und leistungsfähigste Windenergieanlage der Welt . Die Licht-und-Schatten-Effekte der Berliner Trickschmiede machen Filme wie Matrix möglich. Genitives and their main function The “ of the” forms are called genitives . Genitives have a number of functions. First of all, they show possession . This is their most important function. English too has a form of genitive – it manifests itself through the s endings of nouns when they indicate possession, for example: Germany’s Parliament . One could just as well say the Parliament of Germany and still get the same meaning across. This corresponds to the German genitive. The German genitive form ending in s that show possession, is usually limited to proper nouns - names of people, places, and things. Thus one finds such expressions as Toms Bar in German – the direct equivalent of the English Tom’s bar. QUESTION WORDS FOR THE CASES PERSONS WER (subject/Nominativ; who) Wer ist das? Who is that? - Das ist der neue Minister. That is the new minister WEN (direct object/Akkusativ; whom) Wen fragen die Leute? Whom do the people ask? Den neuen Minister. The new minister. WEM (indirect object/Dativ; to/for whom) Wem gehört das Auto? To whom does the car belong? – Dem neuen Minister. To the new minister.
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