K3-4 Simple past-exerc

K3-4 Simple past-exerc - Germ 433 A OBrien Kapitelgruppe 3...

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Germ 433 – A. O’Brien Kapitelgruppe 3 – 4 (pp. 168) Simple Past – Notes – Übung A Brief Summary of the history of European Union enlargement (3min) TEXT: EU-Integration und Erweiterung (p. 173-174) annotated below Simple Past – Notes – Übung The Präteritum (preterite or simple past) of regular weak verbs There are no auxiliaries involved in forming the Präteritum . To indicate past time action, weak verbs use a tense marker , which is either t or et . One can derive a formula for the analysis of this particular tense: stem + (e)t + endings = Präteritum endings of week verbs present tense spiel- en – to play arbeit- en – to work ich spiel + t + e arbeit + et + e - e e du spiel + t + est arbeit + et + est - est (e)st er, sie, es spiel + t + e arbeit + et + e - e t he/she/it wir spiel + t + en arbeit + et + en - en en ihr spiel – t et arbeit + et + et - et (e)t sie/Sie spiel – t en arbeit + et + en - en en they Präteritum of irregular weak (mixed) verbs Irregular weak (mixed) verbs are treated the same as regular ones: they too take the same endings, as well as the tense marker; but in addition, they also exhibit a stem change, as is the case with past participles. The formula for the analysis of the Präteritum of irregular (weak) verbs is as follows: stem (stem change) + (e)t + endings = Präteritum denken – (to think) Form Funktion Tempus Numerus Person d a ch + t + e –– konjugierte Form –– Präteritum –– Singular –– 3. er/sie/es (he/she/it) d a ch + t + en –– konjugierte Form –– Präteritum –– Plural –– 3. sie (they) kennen - (to know) Form Funktion Tempus Numerus Person k a nn + t + e –– konjugierte Form –– Präteritum –– Singular –– 3. er/sie/es (he/she/it) k a nn + t + en –– konjugierte Form –– Präteritum –– Plural –– 3. sie (they) haben Form Funktion Tempus Numerus Person 1
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hat + t + e –– konjugierte Form –– Präteritum –– Singular –– 3. er/sie/es (he/she/it) hat + t + en –– konjugierte Form –– Präteritum –– Plural –– 3. sie (they) werden (to become) Form Funktion Tempus Numerus Person w u rd + e –– konjugierte Form –– Präteritum –– Singular –– 3. er/sie/es (he/she/it) w u rd + en –– konjugierte Form –– Präteritum –– Plural –– 3. sie (they) Präteritum of strong verbs The Präteritum of strong verbs is indicated solely through a stem change; there is no tense marker (for that reason they are called strong verbs ). A great many German verbs exhibit a series of stem changes to indicate
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K3-4 Simple past-exerc - Germ 433 A OBrien Kapitelgruppe 3...

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