K4-1Dependent-Relative%20Cl-exerc-1 - Germ 433 A OBrien...

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Germ 433 – A. O’Brien Kapitelgruppe 4 – 1 (pp. 189) Notes – Übung Dependent – Relative clauses TEXT: Brüderchen und Schwesterchen (p. 190-191) annotated below http://www.grimmstories.com/ Info: The Grimm Brothers: http://www.germany-insider-facts.com/grimm-brothers.html Dependent clauses are introduced by a subordinating word. In some grammar books, these words are often referred to as subordinating conjunctions. German and English differ syntactically in statements: the inflected verb is the only element that is fixed in a German statement. Dependent clauses - clauses that cannot stand alone and still be meaningful - also differ syntactically between the two languages, e. g. in the English sentence When they woke up in the morning, the sun already shone warm into the tree , the dependent clause as they woke up in the morning shows essentially the same structure as a statement - the subject they precedes the inflected verb woke up . German, however, is quite different. Als sie am Morgen aufwachten, schien die Sonne schon heiß in den Baum hinein, the German equivalent to the sentence above, also contains a dependent clause – Als sie am Morgen aufwachten. The word als is the equivalent of the English when , and like when , it introduces the dependent clause. Although German dependent clauses, like English dependent clauses, are introduced by a subordinating word (conjunction) or phrase , the inflected verbs in German dependent clauses appear at the end of the clause . Dependent clauses are always separated through a comma from the main clause. Some examples of frequently used subordinating words/phrases are: ob if, whether (indirect general question) obwohl although weil because 1
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after während while da since als as wenn whenever, conditional if so dass so that dass that damit in order to Other conjunctions include all interrogatives, such as wer, was, wen, wie, wo, warum , etc. Übung: Identify and mark a) the dependent clause, b) the subordinating conjunction and c) the inflected verb of the dependent clause. Example: Die meisten Kinder beginnen die Grundschule, wenn sie sechs Jahre alt sind . a) the dependent clause:…, wenn sie sechs Jahre alt sind. b) the subordinating conjunction: wenn c) the inflected verb of the dependent clause: sind 1. Gymnasiasten besuchen das Gymnasium neun Jahre, bevor sie das Abitur, machen. High school students attend the Gymnasium for nine years before they do the “Abitur” finals exams. a) ________________________________________ b) _______________ c) ___________________ 2. Für junge Ingenieure ergeben sich dadurch gute Perspektiven, da aktuelles Fachwissen immer wichtiger ist. Through that good perspectives emerge for young engineer, because up-to-date expertise knowledge is always more important. a) ________________________________________
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course GERM 433 taught by Professor O'briean during the Spring '11 term at UBC.

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K4-1Dependent-Relative%20Cl-exerc-1 - Germ 433 A OBrien...

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