K5-2%20Subjunctive%20I-1 - Germ 433- A. OBrien...

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Germ 433- A. O’Brien Kapitelgruppe 5 – 2(pp. 261) Subjunctive I – Notes Übungen Konjunktiv I (special subjunctive) In chapter 5 of chapter group 4 we have investigated the forms and function of Konjunktiv II. The prime function of the subjunctive is expressing contrary to fact statements or polite requests . In this section we take a closer look at the so called Konjunktiv I. This is a very rare form in English although older writings still contain aspects of it; a good example is an expression such as if this be so. In German, however, the Konjunktiv I is still used frequently as a device to report indirect speech . English newspapers need to repeat at various intervals he/she said, . ... This is not necessary in German: the appearance of the Konjunktiv I indicates that ideas, not necessarily those of the author, are being stated. Although this form still has other uses (such as stating a wish that is likely to come true), this is by far its most common function. Structure of the Konjunktiv I Let’s have a look at an example to demonstrate the structure of the Konkunktiv I and to see how it functions in context. Suppose the president of a country gave this little speech: Es geh t uns gut. In der Wirtschaft gib t es keine Probleme. Unsere Zukunft ist gesichert. Meine Partei wird immer nur das Beste für das Land tun. Wir profitieren alle von der neuen Regierung. (Things are going well for us. There are no economical problems. Our future is secured. My party will always do what’s best for the country. We all profit from the new government.) A reporter could and often does report such a speech as follows: Der Präsident sagte, es geh e uns gut. In der Wirtschaft geb e es keine Probleme. Die Zukunft sei gesichert. Seine Partei werde immer nur das Beste für das Land tun. Wir profitier t en alle von der neuen Regierung. (The president said, that things are going well for us, that there are [ would be] no economical problems. ..) You probably have noticed that some of the verb forms in the second set of the statement look similar but not identical to the first one. This comes about because the
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course GERM 433 taught by Professor O'briean during the Spring '11 term at The University of British Columbia.

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K5-2%20Subjunctive%20I-1 - Germ 433- A. OBrien...

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