K5-4%20Adject%20Construct%20exerc-1 - Germ 433 - A. OBrien...

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Germ 433 - A. O’Brien Kapitelgruppe 5 – 4(pp. 281) Extended Adjectival Constructions – Notes – Übung TEXT: Erfahrung wichtiger als das Studienfach (p. 282-283) annotated below Extended adjectival constructions e so called extended adjectival constructions are used extensively in scientific and other writings because they able the author to formulate things very precisely. The most important aspect of extended adjectival constructions are participles . Past participles have been discussed in the context of verb tenses in chapter 3 of chapter group 4. There is another type of participle, the present participle . Have a look at the following examples and see how present participles are formed in German. gehen - gehen d laufen - laufen d lesen - lesen d arbeiten - arbeiten d You probably have no problem to determine the present participle of other verbs such as: denken, diskutieren, handeln, basically of any German verb. You have seen it is quite simple. You just add a – d to the infinitive of any German verb. Thus, you have the present participle as shown in the examples above. This form is equivalent to the English - ing form. Present participles as well as past participles can function as adjectives , for example das gekaufte Auto, from kaufen, and das gelten d e Gesetz , from gelten, die lesen d en Studenten – the reading students. They then take adjectival endings when preceding a noun. If you want to review adjective endings you can go back to chapter 5 of chapter group 2. "TYPE" ==> Case -- PERSON Nominative Accusative Dative Genitive After "DER"-words M F N PL -e -e -e -en -en -e -e -en -en -en -en -en -en -en -en -en After "EIN"-words M F N PL -er -e -es -en -en -e -es -en -en -en -en -en -en -en -en -en Unpreceded M F N PL -er -e -es -e -en -e -es -e -em -er -em -en -en -er -en -er In the following two charts the endings for " DER "- and " EIN "-word preceded adjectives are merged into one. The " EIN "-word endings are in square brackets (and/or italics); as one can see, there are only THREE that are 1
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different between these two 'types'. The right chart is completely pared down. The ending for all that is not shown is -en . Case -- PERSON M F N PL Nominative -e [-er] -e -e [-es] -en Accusative -en -e -e [-es] -en Dative -en -en -en -en Genitive -en -en -en -en M F N -e [-er] -e -e [-es] . -e -e [-es] Square brackets/italics = endings after EIN -words; all others are -en Extended adjectival constructions Die seit fünf Jahren engagiert für die international agierende Firma in Deutschland arbeitenden Franzosen haben sich gut in ihrer neuen Heimat eingelebt. Die
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course GERM 433 taught by Professor O'briean during the Spring '11 term at UBC.

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K5-4%20Adject%20Construct%20exerc-1 - Germ 433 - A. OBrien...

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