12.01.04 - 3 Theories of Truth

12.01.04 - 3 Theories of Truth - definition of truth in the...

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3 Theories of Truth 1) Correspondence a. An idea is true because it corresponds to what is in the world (Reality) i. What about compound sentences, “the sky is blue and today is the 32 nd of November”. If the sentence uses an and, both statement must be true, if it uses an or, only one must be. ii. What about universal sentences? “All men are mortal.” Sometimes their true because they simply define words, while others might be true because a counter hasn’t yet arose. 2) Coherence a. An idea is true if it does not contradict any of the other ideas you have that you believe to be true. b. Has problems because it tends to lead to the belief that something could be true for one person, but not for another, which tends to go against the
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Unformatted text preview: definition of truth in the first place. 3) Pragmatic a. “’The true,’ to put it very briefly, is only the expedient way of our thinking, just as ‘the right’ is only the expedient way of our behaving. b. “True ideas are those that we can assimilate, validate, corroborate and verify. False ideas are those we cannot.” i. Doesn’t this mean that God cannot be true since it cannot be verified? Yes…Hume would agree. c. True thoughts are useful, though they may not be useful to you personally. d. The practical value of true ideas comes from theh practical importance of their objects to us e. False thoughts can also be useful Truth happens to an idea – through verification – an idea becomes true....
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