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useful_information - Useful information, Physical Chemistry...

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Useful information, Physical Chemistry I
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dS > dq T Spontaneous Reaction ) S TOT > 0 dA T , V <0 dG T , p Reversible Reaction dS = dq rev T ) S TOT = 0 dA T , V =0 dG T , p ) S ' m f i dq rev T Isothermal Ideal Gas ) S ' nR ln V f V i ) S ' nR ln P i P f System & Surroundings ) S sur ' q sur T sur ) S sur ' -q sys T sur ) S sur ' 0 If q sur = 0 (adiabatic change) g ' * w * q h ' 1 % q c q h Efficiency & Cycles g rev ' 1 & T c T h ) S const V ' C V ln T f T i ) S const P ' C P ln T f T i Entropy Equations Chemical Reactions ) r S o ' j products < S o m & j reactants < S o m ' j J < J S o m (J) General Expressions G ' H & TS A ' U & TS dA ' dU & TdS dG ' dH & Constant Volume Constant Pressure dA T , V dG T , p Spontaneity Clausius Inequality dS & dq T $ 0 ) r G o ' j products <) f G o & j reactants f G o ' j < J ) f G o (J) J Fundamental Equation dU ' & pdV dU ' M U M S V dS % M U M V S dV M U M S V ' T M U M V S '& p M T M V S M p M S V M T M p S ' M V M S p M p M T V ' M S M V T M V M T p M S M p T Maxwell Relations Gibbs Energy dG ' Vdp & SdT M G M T p S M G M p T ' V M M T G T p H T 2 M ( G / T ) M (1/ T) p ' H G m ( p )= G o + RT ln p p o m μ ' M G M n T , p μ ' μ o % RT ln p p o μ ' μ o % RT ln f p o f ' N p Chemical Potential M μ M T p S m M μ M p T ' V m Applied & Vapour Pressure p ' p ( e V m ) P / RT Clapeyron Equation dp dT ' ) trs S ) trs V dp dT ' ) fus H T ) fus V Phase Boundaries dp dT ' ) vap H T ) vap V p ' p ( e & P , P ' ) vap H R 1 T & 1 T ( ) S trs ' T trs ) H trs ' -nR ( T h -T c )ln V f V i w rev
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useful_information - Useful information, Physical Chemistry...

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