Augustus was probably the most important figure in Rome

Augustus was probably the most important figure in Rome -...

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Augustus was probably the most important figure in Rome's history from 30 BCE to 100 CE. In  essence he solved the problem of how to govern Rome, and the Principate gave the Empire a  lasting place in history. As well, the army was professionalized, and the solid beginnings of a  professional civil service emerged by the 20s CE. Militarily, though the Teutoburgian Forest  Massacre had been a disaster and Augustus forsook the notion of conquest to the Elbe, it is  difficult to fault him for shortsightedness or strategic mistakes. There appeared in Roman terms  nothing to be gained from conquest there. Also, the German lands were so politically and  socially disorganized as well as backwards that they did not yet threaten Gaul. Police actions  seemed to suffice in this regard, whereas full-scale conquest was quite difficult. Pushing back the  frontier to the Danube, though, gave the urban civilization of the Mediterranean basin—the core  of the Empire—a new security, while cultural changes began in the older tribal areas along the  two rivers—the Balkans at least were to become Latinized, in some areas thoroughly. Finally,  Augustus is attractive because he got better as he went along, and progressed from a bloody 
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Augustus was probably the most important figure in Rome -...

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