In terms of the society

In terms of the society -...

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In terms of the society, social enfranchisement, and elite circulation, the imperial era from 40  BCE to 161 CE was a dynamic period. While Rome-based patrician families dominated Roman  society at the beginning through control of the Senate and urban wealth, from the 40s BCE,  starting with measures under Caesar and picking up speed in the 40s and 80s CE, bourgeoisie  and wealthier elements from the regions of Italy and certain provinces such as southern Gaul and  Iberia began to enter the elite arena. Many of them were of equestrian origin: knights-turned- businessmen with financial interests in the capital. By the early part of the first century, growing  numbers of this new class were being enrolled in the Senate on the Princeps' initiative. By the  time of Vespasianus (70 CE), emperors could emerge from that class. Thus, an enfranchisement  of people beyond Rome's gates was well under way. 
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  • Fall '08
  • Murphy
  • middling elite power, Rome­based patrician families, imperial margins. Rome, economic situation. Rome, auxiliary military forces.

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