Major geopolitical changes from the 220s exerted transformative stresses on the Roman system

Major geopolitical changes from the 220s exerted transformative stresses on the Roman system

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Major geopolitical changes from the 220s exerted transformative stresses on the Roman system.  The Iranian Parthians had maintained an uneasy status quo with Rome in Mesopotamia; in 226,  the Sassanid dynasty took over. Reviving ancient Achaemenid territorial claims as far west as  Palestine, they ignited constant war in Rome's East. Removal of legions from the Danubian and  Rhine borders ( limes ) to fight the Sassanid threat allowed violent barbarian incursions to begin in  the 230s. Beginning with marauding Marcomanni and Alamanni in North-Central Rhineland, by  254 upper Germany fell. By 259 the Franks had occupied Belgium, and from 268 they and  Alammani raided unopposed in Gaul for 11 years, interrupting agriculture, city life, and Imperial  army supply as far as Iberia (Spain). Alamanni thrusts into N. Italy also occurred. Mauretenian  tribal pressure in N. Africa was accompanied by havoc on the Danube  limes.  Sarmatians and  Visigoths (Western Goths) attacked all along the Thracian and Moesian (Balkan) borders during 
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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Major geopolitical changes from the 220s exerted transformative stresses on the Roman system

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