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The ancient world was also restricted geographically

The ancient world was also restricted geographically -...

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The ancient world was also restricted geographically. Indeed, it was a small place, consisting  mostly of a narrow coastal plain surrounding the Mediterranean. Thus, Antiquity existed between  the sea and the mountains. Most lived on the coastal plain until the time of Caesar and Augustus.  The economic basis of life here was agrarian, but good soil was not common, and proved fragile,  easily eroded. The hills were comparatively naked, with a rainy season inhibiting planting and  further eroding the soil. Ancient agriculture had been invented in the Near East and transported  west. The crops thus worked for the area, being cereals such as wheat and barley, with no oats  yet. While olive cultivation provided a source of fat and illumination, the Mediterranean basin  was mostly a dark world. The main drink aside from water was wine, with only the Barbarians  drinking beer. Such an agricultural system was based mostly on hand labor. The simple scratch  plough was good for gardens, and Romans also used it for light soil. 
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