These eastern campaigns proved M

These eastern campaigns proved M - .Antony'...

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These eastern campaigns proved M. Antony's undoing as they distracted him from Italy,  weakened his forces, and made him ultimately appear a political and cultural turncoat. This was  at the same time that Octavian was acting as the restorer of Rome, fighting Italian and southern  Gaul brigands, engaging in urban renovation programs, etc. A major spoiler here was Cleopatra,  the erstwhile lover of Caesar. After his death, she had returned to Egypt and assumed the crown.  When M. Antony was in the East in 40, he had called on her to explain her actions; they had  become lovers and she bore him two children. Shortly thereafter, the Parthians invaded Syria,  advancing through Asia Minor as well as into Judaea. Parthinii invasions also began in  Macedonia. These Antony drove back, and after Naulochus, he returned east, inviting Cleopatra  to stay with him and repudiating Octavian's sister. He drove the Parthians out of the eastern  territories, rearranged Asia Minor's provinces, and installed Herod as Judaea's king. In 36 he 
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