Next was the Imperial reconquest of Italy

Next was the Imperial reconquest of Italy -...

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Next was the  Imperial reconquest of Italy , which while brutal and drawn-out, seemed to have  been accomplished by 552 with the defeat of Teias near Pompei. Even so, 540 was the turning  point. Imperial prestige had been restored at home as the Blues and Greens had been repressed,  and North Africa as well as Italy had been restored to Roman control. Now, Justinian's (d. 565)  last decades would prove a continuous ordeal. It began in March 540, when Sassanian Shah  Chosroes I began a major offensive into Eastern Imperial lands. Moving through Syria, Persian  forces took the holy Christian city of Antioch, pillaging it severely in June 540. Though Justinian  agreed to terms including more tribute, Chosroes' armies continued to ravage through Asia  Minor. A huge Byzantine army was defeated in Armenia in 543. Still, by the end of the decade,  Persian forces had been fought to a standstill. Though peace was not made, it did demonstrated  that 1) Eastern Roman forces still possessed military prowess, and 2) neither Romans nor  Sassanians could ever sustainably extend their power beyond central Iraq.  At the same time as Persian wars and resurgent Ostrogoths in Italy, a pressing Balkan crisis 
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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Next was the Imperial reconquest of Italy -...

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