Unformatted text preview: The tide turned just as immediately. Just prior to defeat, Wittigis had appealed to the Persian Sassanian shah Chosroes II for help in the form of opening a second front along Byzantium's eastern borders. This he did, and in 540, marched as far as Antioch (along the modern Syrian- Turkish border), sacking the important Christian city and carrying off its survivors. Justinian thus ordered Belisarius to the East, with Goths as added soldiers. Under a new Gothic king elected in Pavia, the second phase of the Italian war began, lasting from 540-552. The king's nephew, Totila, guaranteed a bloody, drawn out, quite expensive contest. He was finally defeated by Belisarius' replacement Narses at Busta Gallorum (552), while his successor Teias was defeated the following year. By this point, other European powers had taken an interest in Italy. From the late 530s, Franks By this point, other European powers had taken an interest in Italy....
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- Fall '08
- Italy., great Roman revanche, previous Barbarian incursions, Sassanian shah Chosroes, important Christian city, new Gothic king