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Unformatted text preview: Uthman - Third Caliph, practiced nepotism, beginning of Ummayad possession of power. Murdered. Muawiya - Muslim governor of Syria; related to Uthman, wanted to avenge his death, so revolted against the Caliph Ali. Emerged as victor in the resulting civil war, and established Ummayad Caliphate in Damascus. Ummayads - Islamic dynasty ruling from Damascus, founded by Muawiya in 661. Continued until 751. umma - Word for 'Islamic world': all Muslims, and area of Muslim control. Shi'ite - Party of Ali, those who felt he should have been first Caliph, and that only his descendents are fit to rule Islamic state. View all others as illegitimate. Becomes religious sect in Islam. Husayn - Ali's son, martyred by Muawiya's son at Karbala in 686. Imam - Muslim prayer leader; in Shi'ism it refers to the male descendents of Ali, the only ones...
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- Fall '08