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By far more destructive and consequential were the Viking incursions

By far more destructive and consequential were the Viking incursions

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By far more destructive and consequential were the Viking incursions, from the early 800s to the  920s. They affected three major areas: Britain, the Carolingian lands, and Russia. Britain was the  first region targeted, starting from the 780s. By 785, monasteries in Lindisfarme (793) and  Jarrow were destroyed. Norsemen then began to raid the Shetland Islands, the Orkneys, and the  Faroes, after which they moved down between the Western Scottish Islands and Ireland, which  became the focus for the next few years. Dublin, Wexford, and Waterford were hit, as was  western Scotland. Around this time (820s), the south English King of Wessex was increasing his  holdings against the Mercians north of him as well as the Welsh to his west. Wessex was the  chief adversary to the Vikings, who refocused their energies on England from the 840s. In 866, 
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