Henry I of Saxony (r. 919-936) was next. The 'fowler', the founder of the Saxon dynasty allowed ducal leeway in their own regions, as long as they recognized his status as king. Defending Saxony against Magyars and Vikings, he re-annexed Lorraine, and built up a cavalry able to curtail Magyar excesses. His son Otto I (r. 936-973), insisted on strong kingship able to effect his will in all regions. A revolt immediately broke out. When the duke of Franconia died in the hostilities, Otto annexed it directly to his own Saxony. In the latter area, he granted much land to his ally Magnus Billung, but kept the ducal title, thus maintaining control of two of the basic German duchies. He was able to bring other dukes to heel by 938. Throughout, he relied on the Church to increase his power. He chose all the bishops and abbots, increasing their powers and
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