Ireland was almost entirely non

Ireland was almost entirely non -...

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Ireland was almost entirely non-urban. Thus, the basic unit of church organization was not the  bishopric, but the monastery. Small affairs scattered throughout the region, their monks were not  alien to a population whose pagan  druids  and  filids  had also espoused rigorous self-denial. Clan-  based monasteries with a powerful abbot emerged in Bangor, Derry, and Durrow by the end of  the sixth century. The process spread to Scotland as a second phase. Practicing exile, St.  Columba (521-597) set up a monastery on the Scottish coastal island Iona, and from the 560s  traveled through Scotland converting Picts. Also significant is that Irish ecclesiastics embraced  the new Latin culture with a fervor typical of a new-comer. Learning Latin better than  continental counterparts, they would go on to preserve much of the literary tradition, while  maintaining aspects of practice and ritual calendar indigenous to Ireland. Irish missionaries then spread to Frankish Gaul. About 590, St. Columbanus (530?-615) arrived 
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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