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Unformatted text preview: On the episcopal level, the Church also declined. The sheer destructiveness of Viking raids in Britain and France meant that churches and monasteries suffered greatly. In the process, discipline and learning receded, as clerics were obliged to become part of feudal relations for the sake of survival. Kings, as well as the more powerful feudal lords, began to appoint bishops, and protect churches. This entailed vassal-like responsibilities on the part of bishops and priests. Obliged to provide soldiers, often times the clergy would hire advocates, who, not people of the cloth, could engage in warfare. The latter were often awarded church lands as fiefs, and took over some of the cleric's judicial duties. Sometimes the advocate's power increased to the point that he could dominate the local church structure. Lay control over the church was often the result. Priests, who back-slid into clerical marriage, were often incorporated into the great feudal clans. Priests, who back-slid into clerical marriage, were often incorporated into the great feudal clans....
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.
- Fall '08