{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

On the episcopal level

On the episcopal level - Ontheepiscopallevel,....

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
On the episcopal level, the Church also declined. The sheer destructiveness of Viking raids in  Britain and France meant that churches and monasteries suffered greatly. In the process,  discipline and learning receded, as clerics were obliged to become part of feudal relations for the  sake of survival. Kings, as well as the more powerful feudal lords, began to appoint bishops, and  protect churches. This entailed vassal-like responsibilities on the part of bishops and priests.  Obliged to provide soldiers, often times the clergy would hire  advocates,  who, not people of the  cloth, could engage in warfare. The latter were often awarded church lands as fiefs, and took over  some of the cleric's judicial duties. Sometimes the advocate's power increased to the point that he  could dominate the local church structure. Lay control over the church was often the result.  Priests, who back-slid into clerical marriage, were often incorporated into the great feudal clans. 
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Fall '08
  • Murphy
  • powerful feudal lords, secular feudal lords, secular feudal leaders., great feudal clans, early feudal period

{[ snackBarMessage ]}