Otto - Otto,,wasdrawnintoItaly. 937,,.In951,he ,...

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Otto, as Charlemagne before him, was drawn into Italy. When Rudolph II of Burgundy died in  937, the Italian king Hugh of Arles had tried to occupy it, and was fought off by Otto. In 951, he  established direct control over Lombardy, emplacing bishops in control of secular affairs in their  dioceses, expanding the German model. He was not able to assume the crown himself, as a  German revolt led by Swabian and Bavarian dukes required his attention. As well, he was facing  renewed Magyar troubles and resoundingly defeated them in 955 at Lechfeld. Only in 962 did  Pope John XII crown him emperor. The latter did this in a power play against a rival Roman  noble-ecclesiastical faction, yet rebelled against Otto when the new Emperor indicated he meant  to rule as well as reign. Upon hearing news of the revolt, Otto held a synod that deposed the Pope  and appointed a new one. Around the same time, the German Emperor was able to come to terms 
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