The third phase was attendant upon Carolingian decline and foreign invasions from the 830s

The third phase was attendant upon Carolingian decline and foreign invasions from the 830s

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The third phase was attendant upon Carolingian decline and foreign invasions from the 830s. In  the political anarchy of civil wars and Viking-Magyar marauding, only armed force through  mounted cavalry provided any law or protection. The central army that existed was often  ineffective against Vikings. By the time the royal host had assembled, the enemy raid had already  passed through, plundering all in its wake. Two dynamics played in to this phase. First, later  Carolingians needed armed allies, both to fend off foreigners, as well as to provide militaries to  combat their relatives. Thus, kings had to offer something in return for their services: land  grants. Second, lesser folk--weaker counts, aspiring warriors, parish priests, and the remaining  free peasants--were willing to submit to more powerful men, in hopes of protection or  advancement in precarious times. All this contributed to a disbursement of political, legal, and  coercive power. Put differently, any authority with a hope of effectiveness had to be local. Thus,  varying hierarchies of lord-vassal relations emerged. The feudal process developed soonest and 
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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The third phase was attendant upon Carolingian decline and foreign invasions from the 830s

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