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As other seventeenth

As other seventeenth - religion, . strong,

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As other seventeenth-century thinkers similarly questioned the authority of organized  religion, it became much more common in European intellectual circles to put the  concepts of religious belief to question. Although the Church’s influence still remained  strong, especially among the lower classes, the ideas of Spinoza combined with the  new discoveries of the Scientific Revolution threatened the supremacy of Church  doctrine considerably. Most devastating was the philosophical approach many scientists  were taking, which often led to conclusions that God either did not exist or at least did  not play much of a role in daily life.  Moreover, these advances in thought coincided with anti-church and government  sentiment that was already growing among European commoners. The Catholic Church  at the time was famously corrupt, and it often ruled using intimidation, fear, and false  knowledge and was violently intolerant toward dissenters and heretics. Subsequently, 
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  • Fall '08
  • Murphy
  • humane treatment, European intellectual circles, national duty. Grotius, thinker Hugo Grotius, incoming Catholic king.

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