Baron de Montesquieu (1689–1755) The foremost French political thinker of the Enlightenment, whose most influential book, The Spirit of Laws, expanded John Locke ’s political study and incorporated the ideas of a division of state and separation of powers. Montesquieu’s work also ventured into sociology: he spent a considerable amount of time researching various cultures and their climates, ultimately deducing that climate is a major factor in determining the type of government a given country should have. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791) A genius Austrian composer who began his career as a child prodigy and authored some of the most renowned operas and symphonies in history. Mozart’s music has never been surpassed in its blend of technique and emotional breadth, and his musical genius places him in a category with a select few other composers.
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