The Enlightenment was a sprawling intellectual

The Enlightenment was a sprawling intellectual -...

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The Enlightenment was a sprawling intellectual, philosophical, cultural, and social  movement that spread through England, France, Germany, and other parts of Europe  during the 1700s. Enabled by the Scientific Revolution, which had begun as early as  1500, the Enlightenment represented about as big of a departure as possible from the  Middle Ages—the period in European history lasting from roughly the fifth century to the  fifteenth. The millennium of the Middle Ages had been marked by unwavering religious devotion  and unfathomable cruelty. Rarely before or after did the Church have as much power as  it did during those thousand years. With the Holy Roman Empire as a foundation,  missions such as the Crusades and Inquisition were conducted in part to find and  persecute heretics, often with torture and death. Although standard at the time, such  harsh injustices would eventually offend and scare Europeans into change. Science, 
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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