The first major figure in the English Enlightenment was the political philosopher Thomas Hobbes

The first major figure in the English Enlightenment was the political philosopher Thomas Hobbes

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The first major figure in the English Enlightenment was the political philosopher  Thomas  Hobbes  (1588–1679), who began his career as a tutor but branched out to philosophy  around the age of thirty. In 1640, fearing that some of his writings had angered  England’s parliament, Hobbes fled to Paris, where he penned a substantial body of his  work. He is best known for the epic  Leviathan   (1651), a lengthy, groundbreaking work  that explores human nature. In  Leviathan , Hobbes elaborates on the nature of man and justifies absolutist rule. He  argues that human nature is inherently bad and that humans will remain in a constant a  state of war, vying for power and material resources, unless awed by a single great  power. However, Hobbes also claims that any group of men who ascend to positions of 
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