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Unformatted text preview: As the Enlightenment progressed into the mid-1700s, a noticeable shift occurred away from the empirical, reason-based philosophies of most of the leading French and English thinkers. The new philosophies that developed tended to take one of two major directions. Romanticism , a philosophy strongly attributed to Jean-Jacques Rousseau , stressed emotion and a return to the natural state of man instead of the confines and constructs of society. Skepticism , which gained prominence under Scottish philosopher David Hume and was later elevated by German philosopher Immanuel Kant (see Kant, p. 33) , questioned whether we as human beings are truly able to perceive the world around us with any degree of accuracy. These two movements, along with Church anti- Enlightenment propaganda and increasing unrest as the French Revolution neared, marked a departure from those thoughts that dominated the peak of the Enlightenment.marked a departure from those thoughts that dominated the peak of the Enlightenment....
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.
- Fall '08
- An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding