In Austria -...

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In Austria, monarchs Maria-Theresa and Joseph II worked to end mistreatment of  peasants by abolishing serfdom and also promoted individual rights, education, and  religious tolerance. An admirer of Voltaire, Frederick the Great, the king of Prussia,  supported the arts and education, reformed the justice system, improved agriculture,  and created a written legal code. However, although these reforms strengthened and  streamlined the Prussian state, the tax burden continued to fall on peasants and  commoners.  Spain had a great deal of censorship in place during the early Enlightenment, but when  Charles III ascended the throne in 1759, he implemented a number of reforms. During  his tenure, Charles III weakened the influence of the Church, enabled land ownership  for the poor, and vastly improved transportation routes. Not all the aftereffects of the Enlightenment were productive. Despite the advances in 
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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