ch1 notes - CHAPTER 1 Clothing has existed since...

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CHAPTER 1 Clothing has existed since prehistoric times. Why do you wear them? o We were it as a status o we wear it for modesty to say we are humble o we wear it as body art o we wear it for protection o we wear it for decoration Type of dress worn may be limited by: function (style must permit required activities), availability of materials o Draped clothing- no seams, loose fitting, and very flowey, they are woven lengths of cloth and are good for warm climates, wraps around the body ex) toga o Tailored clothing- has seems, tighter fitting and is good for cool climates Some clothes combine draping and tailoring Technology limits and expands options o things can be made by hand, they can be mechanized, or they can be powered by electricity (ex. looms used to weave) Theme is a recurring subject or idea Frequent themes in the history of dress are: o Social life, social class structure, social roles Political leaders can be themes War and conflict were known as style setters (there were three different types of suits to show what type you were) Economics was the trade of textiles and apparel Technology plays an important role in the production of textiles and apparel o Made it easier for line creation and line development which causes the patterns and colors fit better o Helps people have more access to fashion (buying clothes online)
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Communication is the dissemination of styles (we watch the Oscars not to see who wins for what, but to see what people are wearing) Cross-cultural influences in dress- as cultures come into contact, there is a reciprocal exchange of new ideas, resulting in styles that are mixtures, and a process called cultural authentication Mixtures are styles that incorporate components from several cultures Cultural authentication is the process “whereby elements of dress of one culture are incorporated into the dress of another.” Usually the cultural authenticated style is changed in some way. Only rarely are entire garments adopted. The relationship of humans to their physical environment might have a relation to the themes that are evident in the way they dress Influenced by the Zeitgeist or spirit of the times, different art forms from the same era may display similar qualities Themes related to clothing as an art form o The relationship between costume of a particular era and developments in the fine and applied arts o Individual artists and designers as Gabrielle Chanel contributed to the view of costume as art (woman who made Chanel such a big brand) Costume of art is when you care about how you are perceived in what your wearing. Fashion is a taste shared by many for a short period of time o Food, automobiles, location Fashion deals with design, manufacturer, and distribution CHAPTER 2 Mesopotamia- 1 st civilization in middle east Men and woman both wore skirts and used belts to hold them in the Sumerian era Cloaks provided protection from the weather
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