active and passive

active and passive - passive subject verb active subject...

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Passive Voice  | Active or Passi Active Voice, Passive Voice There are two special forms for verbs called voice: 1. Active voice 2. Passive voice The active voice is the "normal" voice. This is the voice that we use most of the time. You are probably already familiar with the voice. In the active voice, the object receives the action of the verb: The passive voice is less usual. In the passive voice, the subject receives the action of the verb: The object of the active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb: active subject verb object   > Cats eat fish. passive subject verb object <   Fish are eaten by cats.   subject verb object active Everybody drinks water . passive Water is drunk by everybody.
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Passive Voice   |   Active or Pass Active or Passive Quiz 1 I ate a piece of chocolate cake. 
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Passive Voice The passive voice is less usual than the active voice. The active voice is the "normal" voice. But sometimes we need the  passive voice. In this lesson we look at how to construct the passive voice, when to use it and how to conjugate it. Construction of the Passive Voice The structure of the  passive voice  is very simple: subject + auxiliary verb (be) + main verb (past participle) The main verb is  always  in its past participle form. Look at these examples:
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subject auxiliary verb (to be)   main verb (past participle)  
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Water is   drunk by everyone.
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100 people are   employed by this company.
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I am   paid in euro.
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We are not paid in dollars.
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Are they   paid in yen?
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Use of the Passive Voice We use the passive when: we want to make the  active object  more important we do not know the  active subject
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  subject verb object
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give importance to active  object (President Kennedy) President Kennedy was killed by Lee Harvey Oswald.
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active subject unknown My wallet has been stolen. ?
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by  to introduce the  passive object  (Fish are eaten  by  cats). Look at this sentence: He was killed  with  a gun. Normally we use  by  to introduce the passive object. But the gun is not the active subject. The gun did not kill him. He was  killed  by  somebody  with  a gun. In the active voice, it would be: Somebody killed him  with  a gun. The gun is the  instrument. Somebody is the "agent" or "doer". Conjugation for the Passive Voice We can form the passive in any tense. In fact, conjugation of verbs in the passive tense is rather easy, as the main verb is  always in past participle form and the auxiliary verb is always  be . To form the required tense, we conjugate the auxiliary  verb. So, for example: present simple: It  is  made present continuous: It 
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2011 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Mr.you during the Winter '09 term at SUNY Farmingdale.

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active and passive - passive subject verb active subject...

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