The Participle - The Participle Recognize a participle when...

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The Participle Recognize a participle when you see one. Participles come in two varieties: past and present. They are two of the five forms or principal parts that every verb has. Look at the charts below. Regular Verbs: Verb Simple Present Simple Past Past Participle Present Participle Infinitive giggle giggle(s) giggled giggled giggling to giggle help help(s) helped helped helping to help jump jump(s) jumped jumped jumping to jump
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Verb Simple Present Simple Past Past Participle Present Participle Infinitive bring bring(s) brought brought bringing to bring ring ring(s) rang rung ringing to ring sing sing(s) sang sung singing to sing swim swim(s) swam swum swimming to swim Irregular Verbs: Notice that each present participle ends in ing . This is the case 100 percent of the time. On the other hand, you can see that past participles do not have a consistent ending. The past participles of all regular verbs end in ed ; the past participles of irregular verbs, however, vary considerably. If you look at bring and sing , for example, you'll see that their past participles— brought and sung —do not follow the same pattern even though both verbs have ing as the last three letters.
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Consult a dictionary whenever you are unsure of a verb's past participle form. Know the functions of participles. Participles have three functions in sentences. They can be components of multipart verbs, or they can function as adjectives or nouns . Participles in Multipart Verbs A verb can have as many as four parts. When you form multipart verbs, you use a combination of auxiliary verbs and participles. Look at the examples below: Our pet alligator  ate  Mrs. Olsen's poodle. Ate = simple past tense [no participle]. With a broom, Mrs. Olsen  was beating  our alligator over the head in an attempt to retrieve her poodle. Was = auxiliary verb; beating = present participle. Our pet alligator  has been stalking  neighborhood pets because my brother Billy forgets to feed the poor  reptile. Has = auxiliary verb; been = past participle; stalking = present participle. Our pet alligator  should have been eating  Gator Chow, crunchy nuggets that Billy leaves for him in a  bowl. Should , have = auxiliary verbs; been = past participle; eating = present participle. Participles as Adjectives
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Past and present participles often function as adjectives that describe nouns . Here are some examples: The  crying  baby drew a long breath and sucked in a spider  crouching  in the corner of the crib. Which baby? The crying baby. Which spider? The one that was crouching in the corner. The  mangled  pair of sunglasses,  bruised  face,  broken  arm, and  bleeding  knees meant Genette had  taken another spill on her mountain bike. Which pair of sunglasses? The
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The Participle - The Participle Recognize a participle when...

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