ESS 3318 Arousal%2c Stress%2c %26 Anxiety - SC

ESS 3318 Arousal%2c Stress%2c %26 Anxiety - SC - Arousal,...

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Arousal, Stress, & Anxiety
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Arousal & Stress Overview Define arousal, stress, anxiety Outline the process definition of stress. Highlight the importance of appraisal in the stress process. Identify sources of stress & anxiety Class Activity Explain the arousal/ performance relationship
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Is Arousal the Same As Anxiety? Arousal is a blend of physiological and psychological activation, varying in intensity along a continuum. Anxiety is a negative emotional state associated with feelings of worry, nervousness, and apprehension, and negative interpretations of one‟s activation or arousal of the body.
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Anxiety Cognitive Somatic The Thought Component - worry & apprehension Perceived Physical activation - Interpretation of bodily symptoms State Trait Moment to- moment changes in feelings of nervousness, worry & apprehension associated with bodily arousal A disposition leading people to perceive seemingly non- dangerous situations as threatening
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Stress Process Definition of Stress: A substantial imbalance between demand (physical and/or psychological) and response capability, under conditions where failure to meet that demand has important consequences. (McGrath, 1970). It is a process, a sequence of events that will lead to a particular end. (Weinberg & Gould, 2007).
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Stress Process (McGrath, 1970) Environmental demand (Physical and psychological) Individual‟s perception of the environmental demand Stress response (physical and psychological) arousal, state anxiety, muscle tension, attention changes Behavioral consequences (performance or outcome)
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Lazarus & Folkman (1984) indicate that there are two levels of appraisal (within stage 2 of McGrath‟s process model) Primary Appraisal Is there a personal stake in the outcome? Secondary Appraisal
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ESS 3318 Arousal%2c Stress%2c %26 Anxiety - SC - Arousal,...

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