Exam 3 by lg

Exam 3 by lg - 1. What are the four rewards to role...

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1. What are the four rewards to role accumulation, according to Sieber? The four rewards to role accumulation are: privileges , resources manipulable for further status enhancement , a sense of general status security , and ego-gratification (feelings of personal worth). Privileges and resources may be used to free the individual from constraining or overwhelming demands and to increase prestige, while sheer occupancy of multiple positions may enhance general feelings of security and a sense of personal worth, and buffer the effects of identity loss. 2. What sample was used? How was distress measured? This study uses panel data from the New Haven community survey conducted by Myers and his associates. The sample consisted of 1095 adult men and women selected at random from a community mental health center catchment area in metropolitan New Haven. A total of 938 individuals were interviewed in 1967. Two years later, 720 of the original cohort were re-interviewed. Distress was measured by: 1. Identity accumulation – a sense of meaningful, purposeful existence is assume to depend upon the number of positions held by an individual and validated in role relationships. Identity accumulation will be measured only as the sum of social positions held by the individual. Example of social positions that are held: spouse, parent, employee, student, organizational member, church member, neighbor, and friend. The identity accumulation variable ranges from 0 to 8 in value and is measured at two time points, 1967 and 1969. 2. Psychological distress – measured with an instrument developed by Macmillan and further modified by Gurin et al. the instrument consists of a list of 20 psychological ans psychosomatic symptoms. Scores range from 20 (little or no distress) to 80 (high distress). The index was administered twice. 3. Background variables – four socio-demographic variables are controlled in the analysis: age, sex, family income, and education. Sex is represented as a dummy variable, where female is coded 1. Age is measured in years. Family income and education are measured ordinally. 3.
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2011 for the course BUS 345 taught by Professor Reiben during the Spring '11 term at Indiana.

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Exam 3 by lg - 1. What are the four rewards to role...

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