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Research Rough Draft - Reapor 1 Vanessa Reapor English 145...

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Reapor 1 Vanessa Reapor English 145, Section 42 May 20, 2009 “Stop Wasting Water!” “Stop wasting water,” was probably the phrase I heard most growing up. Every time I brushed my teeth, washed the dishes, and spent way too long in the shower those three words would come ringing out of my mom’s mouth. I always thought my mom was just being cheap, and never grasped why she was so adamant about saving water. It wasn’t until recently that I discovered there is a global water shortage, and in my hometown of Long Beach, California the water supply hit its all time lowest. Thus, the Long Beach reservoir is slowly shrinking due to the overuse of water, and California’s dry climate. Since rainfall has been incredibly low for California, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger announced a statewide drought last summer. Under these circumstances, residents of Long Beach should educate themselves about the effects of the water crisis, the city’s current and future plans, and their potential effects. The state of California is currently suffering from a drought, and Long Beach’s water consumption is at its record low. According to the Press Telegram, Long Beach’s local newspaper, “water use in February of 2009 was 27.6 percent below the average of the past ten years.” However, this shortage does not solely route from the state’s drought, but the inadequate system in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta as well. In fact, the city of Long Beach receives its water supply from two sources. Half of the water supply is produced from groundwater, but before water reaches residents, local groundwater journeys from the San Gabriel Mountains into the San Gabriel River and the Whittier
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Reapor 2 Narrows Basin. When the water arrives to Long Beach, the water is extracted from wells and is pumped to the groundwater treatment plant. Water is also purchased from the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California. According to the Long Beach Water Department, “this water originates from two sources: the Colorado River, via the Colorado River Aqueduct and Northern California’s Bay-Delta Region, via California Aqueduct.” Through these intricate processes, it is easy to see that there are many parties involved into consuming a simple glass of water. The Long Beach Water Department Board of Water Commissioners declared an imminent water supply shortage on September 13, 2007. According to the Water Department press release, “residents and business, citywide, are strongly urged to implement three specific water conservation measures.” These water conservation measures are to eliminate over-watering, reduce time in showers, and to periodically check water meters. These measures are clearly voluntary and are very basic ways to start the conservation process. The Declaration of Imminent Water Supply Shortage prohibits certain uses of
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Research Rough Draft - Reapor 1 Vanessa Reapor English 145...

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