BIO NOTES 1 - Cells Aerobes Anaerobes Phototrophs...

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Cells Make up everything except viruses; 70% water Aerobes Living systems that need molecular oxygen (humans) Anaerobes Do not need molecular oxygen Phototrophs Energy from sunlight Chemotrophs Chemical energy (burger and fries) ATP “Adenosine triphosphate” Chemical compound form of energy in cells Biochemical quartet 4 types of biochemical that make up all cells Fats (Lipids) 1. Long Haul fuel 2. Construction material Nucleic Acids Stores info/instructions to run the cell DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid- The Primary info nucleic acid Genome Made of DNA Gene Basic operational unit of a genome made of nucleic acid Protein 1. Structural material 2. Building material for some enzymes and hormones like insulin Sugars (carbs) 1. Short haul cell fuel 2. Structural material in plants/fungi 3. Biochemical flags (blood types) Other biomolecules Vitamins and minerals Eukaryotic Cells Have DNA in a membrane bound nucleus (fungi, plants, animals) Prokaryotic Cells DNA floats in cell (NO nucleus) BACTERIUM Cell membrane Seperates inside from outside Cytoplasm Watery solution in cells Organic Carbon-containing (glucose)
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Inorganic Non-carbon (potassium chloride) Starch Carbs RNA Ribonucleic Acid-protein and a form of nucleic acid Ribosomes Proteins
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PROKARYOTIC CELLS Cell Wall Prokaryotes: surrounds cell membrane, protects Bacterial Cells genome Prokaryotes: single circular molecule of double helical DNA Pili Prokaryotes: Shit sticks to them Flagella Prokaryotes: swim through water like little spermees E3. EUKARYOTIC CELLS Found in fungi, plants, animals DNA inside a nucleus ATP Adenosine triphosphate; cellular energy in chemical form Lysosomes “cell’s stomach” where nasty stuff is digested for recycling Chloroplasts Few green organelles that produce energy f rom light Photosynthesis Process by which PLANTS get energy from light Flagella Help the cell swim around Cilia Help the cell swim around Cell Wall Plants and Fungi ONLY; NEVER animals! Nucleus
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BIO NOTES 1 - Cells Aerobes Anaerobes Phototrophs...

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